Do student-athletes have to pay taxes?

Under IRS guidelines, student-athletes who receive athletic aid to cover education expenses that are in excess of required tuition and fees is considered taxable income. Examples of taxable income would include scholarship funds that cover room and board, travel, tutoring services or optional supplies.

Are Name, Image, Likeness (NIL) deals subject to taxes?

Income earned from NIL transactions is considered taxable income.

Are there tax implications international student-athletes on a J1 or F1 Visa participating in NIL deals?

To the extent that international student-athletes are permitted to engage with NIL opportunities, any income earned through such transactions would be subject to taxation.

What happens if a student-athlete’s state of permanent residence is different than where they go to school and they participate in NIL deals?

If a student-athlete attends school in a different state than their state of permanent residence, the student would be subject to Federal tax liability as well as potential state tax liability, depending on the tax laws of the state in which the income was earned.

Do coaches have to pay taxes?

Coaches’ income is considered taxable income.

Does earning income from NIL deals affect a student-athlete’s scholarship or financial aid terms?

Income earned from NIL deals would not impact a student-athletes athletic scholarship, however, NIL earnings could potentially impact the amount of need-based aid for which a student-athlete qualifies.

What is the purpose of Title IX?

The purpose of Title IX as it relates to college athletics is to ensure fair treatment between genders and equal access to athletic opportunities for everyone.

What does Title IX protect against?

Title IX is intended to protect against discrimination on the basis of gender within intercollegiate athletic programs.

How does Title IX affect college sports?

Title IX affects college sports by requiring all institutions that receive federal funding provide equal access to athletics opportunities by meeting at least one prong of the three prong test: (1) proportionality, (2) program expansions, (3) accommodating abilities and interest of the underrepresented gender. It also requires fair treatment in each of the 12 areas commonly referred to as the “laundry list”: (1) Scholarships, (2) Coaching, (3) Facilities, (4) Recruitment, (5) Equipment, (6) Scheduling, (7) Team travel, (8) Tutoring, (9) Medical Services, (10) Housing and Dining, (11) Support Services, (12) Publicity